The town of Sallent de Gállego is located at the head of the Tena Valley, at 1,305 metres above sea level, in the heart of the Aragonese Pyrenees.
It has a population of around 1,500 inhabitants dedicated to livestock farming and tourism.
Sallent is crossed by the river Gállego and the river Aguas Limpias, both of which originate within the municipality itself and converge in the vicinity of the town centre.
Peña Foratata, a large rocky crag that rises above the village, is the most emblematic peak in the area.
It is one of the municipalities with the most 3,000-metre peaks, so the town is the starting point for its ascent.
Its landscapes offer endless possibilities, especially for mountain and adventure sports. The municipality is crossed by the GR-11, a mountain route that runs through the Pyrenees mountain range from the Mediterranean to the Cantabrian Sea.
The municipality borders the French border.
Formerly, together with Lanuza, it made up the so-called Quiñón de Sallent, one of the three historical territories into which the valley was divided administratively.
Nowadays, what is known as the municipality of Sallent de Gállego comprises the following nuclei:
Sallent, Formigal, Portalet, Lanuza, Escarrilla, Tramacastilla de Tena and Sandiniés.
Sallent's main artistic attraction is its Gothic church of La Asunción, from the early 16th century, which houses a valuable Plateresque altarpiece and the venerated image of the Virgen de las Nieves (patron saint of the town). It has been declared an Asset of Cultural Interest.
Also of note is the medival bridge, a 16th-century medieval construction that spans the course of the Aguas Limpias in the middle of the town, as well as the countless emblazoned houses that dot the old quarter of Sallentino. In the centre of the town there is also the popular Mentidero, a large covered bench open to the street, an old meeting place, and in the square we find the triple Romanesque arch.
In the central square located in the Town Hall building there is a life-size statue of one of the most famous and well-known inhabitants of Aragon and in particular of Sallent de Gállego, Fermín Arrudi, known as the Giant of Sallent, who with his 2.29 cm. height, took the name of Sallent to all corners of the world.
Its main festival is held on 5 August in honour of the Virgen de las Nieves and its small festival, the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, on 14 September, the oldest and most traditional of its celebrations. Among the events organised for the August festivities is the traditional Ondeo de Bandera: the young men of Sallent make the very long mast of the town's banner turn horizontally.
On the Sunday closest to 10th September, which is when it used to be held in the past, the traditional livestock fair takes place.